Five Pillars of Islam

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat
Practices     

"Allah" in Arabic calligraphy
Kalima Shahadah: Declaration of Faith
Salat: Prayer
    Zakat: Tax for good Quranic causes
Sawm: Fasting
    Hajj: Pilgrimage


The Five Pillars of Islam are the five basic duties which a Muslim has to perform. They are:

  1. Kalima Shahadah, the declaration of Islamic faith, i.e; to bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammadsa is the Messenger of Allah. 
  2. Salat: to perform Prayer in a prescribed form.
  3. Zakat: Muslims of means pay Zakat annually in cash or kind, which is distributed among the poor.
  4. Sawm: to keep fasts in the month of Ramadan.
  5. Hajj: to perform pilgrimage to the Kaba in Mecca at least once in the lifetime of a Muslim.


The Five Pillars of Islam





Shahada: Faith


The first pillar is called Kalima Shahadah, the declaration of Islamic faith, i.e; to bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. The oneness of God is the basis of belief in Islam.


Salat: Prayer


Main article: Salat

Islam lays great emphasis on the institution of Salat. It is enjoined upon every Muslim to pray five times a day. Salat or prayer, consists of various postures, i.e; standing called qiyam, bowing down called ruku, prostration called sajdah and sitting called qadah. During each posture prescribed, Arabic phrases are to be recited.


Zakat: Alms


Zakat is paid in cash or kind by Muslims of means who possess for one complete year, money, gold, silver, or cattle beyond a minimum. The proceeds of Zakat are distributed among the poor sections of the community. The annual rate is 2.5%.


Sawm: Fasting


Fasting means abstention from food, and drink from dawn to sunset for the pleasure of God. The month of Ramadan is the month of obligatory fasting.


Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca


It is obligatory upon all Muslims who can afford the journey to perform the pilgrimage to the Kaba in Mecca at least once in their life time.


Ahmadiyya View

We are Muslims, we believe in God Who is One, and we also believe in the Kalima. We believe that the Quran is the Book of Allah and Muhammadsa is His Prophet and Khatamul Anbiya. We believe in the existence of the Angels, in the Day of Judgement, and in the existence of Heaven and Hell. We say our daily prayers, keep fast during Ramadan and turn towards Kaba to pray. We consider it our duty to refrain from whatever Allah and His Prophet forbid us to do and do whatever they command us to do. We have no authority to add or detract anything from the Islamic sharia [religious law]. 

- Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Nur-ul-Haq