From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat
The Five Pillars of Islam are the five basic duties which a Muslim has to perform. They are:
The first pillar is called Kalima Shahadah, the declaration of Islamic faith, i.e; to bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. The oneness of God is the basis of belief in Islam.
Islam lays great emphasis on the institution of Salat. It is enjoined upon every Muslim to pray five times a day. Salat or prayer, consists of various postures, i.e; standing called qiyam, bowing down called ruku, prostration called sajdah and sitting called qadah. During each posture prescribed, Arabic phrases are to be recited.
Zakat is paid in cash or kind by Muslims of means who possess for one complete year, money, gold, silver, or cattle beyond a minimum. The proceeds of Zakat are distributed among the poor sections of the community. The annual rate is 2.5%.
Fasting means abstention from food, and drink from dawn to sunset for the pleasure of God. The month of Ramadan is the month of obligatory fasting.
It is obligatory upon all Muslims who can afford the journey to perform the pilgrimage to the Kaba in Mecca at least once in their life time.