From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat
Dr Mohammad Abdus Salam (29 January 1926-21 November 1996) was an active adherent of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community who won the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to electroweak unification.
Having broken records during his early education in Pakistan, Salam studied at Cambridge University before becoming Professor of Mathematics at the Government College University in Lahore, Pakistan in 1951. As a result of the 1953 anti-Ahmadiyya riots in Lahore, he returned to Cambridge as a Professor of Mathematics.
He retained strong links with Pakistan and helped establish scholarship programmes there during the period and from 1960 to 1974 Salam became science adviser to the Pakistani government. Salam helped build the country's scientific infrastructure and promoted the advancement of research. Salam played an integral role in Pakistan's development of peaceful use of nuclear energy and may have been the founding father of the country's development of a nuclear deterrent.However, when the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community were declared heretics by the government in 1974, Salam once again left the country in protest. He rejected offers to work in India and instead moved to Europe.
In 1979, Salam became the first Pakistani and the second Muslim to win the Nobel Prize. During his acceptance speech, he quoted the Quran and said the Quran's teachings on studying the world around us are 'in effect, is the faith of all physicists'.
Salam was a devout Ahmadi Muslim. He wrote on several occasions for the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community's flagship magazine, The Review of Religions. He once said: "The holy Quran enjoins us to reflect on the verities of Allah's created laws of nature; however, that our generation has been privileged to glimpse a part of His design is a bounty and a grace for which I render thanks with a humble heart."
Abdus Salam passed away in 1996. His body was returned to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community's headquarters in Pakistan, Rabwah, where 13,000 people cued to view his remains. His funeral was attended by 30,000 and he was buried in Bahishti Maqbarah, a special graveyard in Rabwah for those who donate at least 10% of their earnings throughout their life to the and write a will leaving a large proportion of their inheritance to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
Due to his Ahmadiyya beliefs - still viewed as heresy by the Pakistan government - Salam's name has been removed from the history books of Pakistan and the authorities have also vandalised his grave by removing the word 'Muslim'.