Death of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad passed away while on a trip to Lahore in 1908. His followers present the fact he lived a long life, died a natural death, did not suffer from any terrible disease or fate and that all assassination attempts against him failed as evidence for his having had divine support.

Age at Death


Ahmad's age holds importance due to his having received the following revelation as a young man:

Your age will be eighty years - a few years less or some years more.

- Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Tuhfa-e-Ghularviya

Ahmadis claim historical evidence proves Ahmad lived from 1835-1908, 76 years in the Islamic calendar (which has shorter years than the Gregorian Calendar used in the west today due to its being a lunar calendar) and so the prophecy was fulfilled. However, in India in the 1800s birth certificates were not kept and neither were birthdays marked. Ahmad was not sure of his own date of birth and so critics of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community allege he was born as late as 1940:

I was born towards the last era of Sikh rule in 1839 or 1840.

- Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Kitabul Bariya

However relying on this single estimate ignores the fact on other occasions Ahmad and his contemporaries estimated he had been born as early as 1830:

On 23rd of August, 1903 a leaflet was published from me...which states that I am around 70 years in age.

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Haqiqatul Wahi


God knows the real age but according to my knowledge, my age is near 70 years at present in the year 1323 AH (1905 AD).

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Baraheen-e-Ahmadiyya 


This is strange and I see it as a sign of God that right in the year 1290 AH (1873 AD) this humble self had attained communion with God.

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Haqiqatul Wahi

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When I reached the age of 40, God blessed me with his word and revelation.

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Taryaqul-Quloob

Moreover, Maulvi Hussain Batalvi knew Ahmad well from early childhood onwards and later became one of Ahmad's fiercest opponent. He could well be expected to know Ahmad's approximate age and in 1893 estimated Ahmad to have been born in 1830:

He’s already 63 years old.

Mualvi Muhammad Hussain BatalviRisala Ishaat-us-Sunnah

Meanwhile, one US newspaper estimated Ahmad was born 15 years prior to his rival John Alexander Dowie, born in 1847, meaning Ahmad's birth would be placed in 1832:

The Qadian man predicted that if Dowie accepted the challenge: "He shall leave the world before my eyes with great sorrow and torment." If Dowie declined, the Mirza said: "The end would only be deferred; death awaited him just the same, and calamity will soon overtake Zion." That was the grand prophecy; Zion should fall and Dowie die before Ahmad. It appeared to be a risky step for the Promised Messiah to defy the restored Elijah to an endurance test, for the challenger was by 15 years the older man of the two.

Truth Seeker, June l5 1904

Moreover, Ahmad himself made it absolutely clear his death had been foretold as arriving near 1905 when in that year he published the following revelation:

The appointed time of your death has come close.

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam AhmadThe Will

These and numerous other references place Ahmad's date of birth as anywhere between 1830 and 1840. Expert historians have painstakingly analysed and correlated all available historical references to and evidence regarding Ahmad's birth and concluded 1835 to be the correct date. 


Location of Death


Ahmad travelled to Lahore to preach in 1835 where he passed away at the house of one of his followers, after a short illness during which his family and some followers were present. According to every witness present and conclusive evidence, he passed away peacefully while lying on his bed. His son writes:

I slept in a lower room from him. I was called up. I found him very restless. The doctor had already come and given him what help he could. He did not rally. At last an injection was given. Then he fell asleep. When it was dawn he woke up and performed his morning prayers. His throat was completely hoarse. He tried to speak but could utter no sound. He called for a pen and ink but could not write. The pen dropped from his hand. He then lay down. Soon a drowsiness came upon him. At about half past ten his holy spirit passed away to the presence of God , to the service of whose religion he had devoted his entire life. To Allah we belong and to Him shall we return. All through there was one word upon his lips and that was 'Allah'.

- Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad, Hadhrat Ahmad

Again, at the time when the Promised Messiah passed away (this was in front these mine own eyes) and when he was in the very last throws, Hazrat Amma Jaan [his wife] seated herself on the floor by the side of the sick bed, and addressed herself to God in the following memorable words: “O God, he is now leaving us, but please, please do not Thou abandon and forsake us!”.

Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad, Durre Maknun 

Cause of Death


Ahmad passed away due to weakness and dysentery. 

Opponents of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community allege he passed away from cholera. However his independent non-Ahmadi English doctors confirmed this was not the case. At the time, to prevent the spread of cholera the government prohibited the transportation of bodies which had suffered from the disease. However, Ahmad's doctors certified he had not contracted cholera and therefore his body was allowed to be returned to Qadian by train. 


Inheritance


Being the only child to survive long after his father and other wealthy relatives, Ahmad inherited a great deal of land. Much of it was used for the propagation of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, but some also remained to be passed to his children. Critics claim prophets should not leave an inheritance but this is disputed by the Quran which states prophets such as Zachariah and David did leave inheritances and in fact Solomon inherited the sovereignty of Israel from his father:

This is an account of the mercy of thy Lord shown to His servant, Zachariah. When he called upon his Lord, a secret calling, He said, ‘My Lord, the bones have indeed waxed feeble in me, and the head glistens with hoariness, but never, my Lord, have I been unblessed in my prayer to Thee.

‘And I fear my relations after me, and my wife is barren. Grant me, therefore, a successor from Thyself,

 ‘That he may be heir to me and to the House of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, well-pleasing to Thee.’

‘O Zachariah, We give thee glad tidings of a son.’

- Quran 19:3-8


Solomon was heir to David.

- Quran 27:17 

Any reference to prophets not leaving an inheritance was meant only for the prophet of Islam, Muhammadsa, as the following tradition attests:

Umar said. "Wait! I beseech you by Allah, by Whose permission both the Heaven and the Earth stand fast ! Do you know that Allah's Messengersa said. 'We (Apostles) do not bequeath anything to our heirs, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' And by that Allah's Messengersa meant himself?"

- Bukhari