Al Hajj Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat
The Second Caliph
Reign1914 – 1965
PredecessorAl-Hajj Hafiz Nooruddin
SuccessorHazrat Mirza Nasir Ahmad

Hazrat Al Hajj Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra, (1889-1965) was the second Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

In 1886, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, published a prophecy in which he foretold he would soon be blessed with a promised son who would become a great leader. Three years later, Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad was born. 

When Mahmud was only 19, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad passed away. He would now continue his study of the Quran and ahadith under the first Caliph, Al-Hajj Hafiz Nooruddin. In 1912, he performed the Hajj pilgrimage and toured the Arab countries, where his marriage was arranged with an Arab lady. 

On the demise of Nooruddin in 1914, Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad was elected the new Caliph. Only 25, his caliphate would span a record 52 years and see him establish almost the entire present administrative structure of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. 

Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad's caliphate was marked by a series of historical events. He led campaigns for the rights of Muslims in Kashmir, Muslims in Palestine and for the creation of Pakistan. The subsequent partition meant the second Caliph migrated from Qadian in India to Pakistan, where Rabwah was established as the new headquarters of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in 1948. 

Not long after the creation of Pakistan, a wave of persecution began. In 1953, anti-Ahmadiyya riots broke out in the country and in 1954 the Caliph himself was stabbed in the neck while performing prayers. He survived, but the injury would cause him discomfort for the remainder of his life. 

A charismatic orator and prolific writer, Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad's most notable works include: 

  • Introduction to the Study of the Holy Quran
  • Tafsir-e-Kabeer - a lengthy 10-volume commentary of the Quran
  • Tafsir-e-Sagheer - a shorter single-volume commentary fo the Quran

See also