From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat
Jesusas, is believed by Christians to have been the son of God. The Quran praises Jesus and his mother Mary at length but rejects any concept of his divinity. Therefore Muslims view him as a prophet of God but not his son.
Islamic view on Jesus being the son of God
While many Christians believe Jesus to have been the son of God, the Quran rejects this view:
He is Allah, the One; Allah, the Independent and Besought of all. He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.
- Quran 112:2-5
The Quran argues if a lack of father can be taken as evidence for Jesus' being the son of God, then what must be the status of Adam, who - at least according to the Bible - had no parents:
Surely, the case of Jesus with Allah is like the case of Adam. He created him out of dust, then He said to him, ‘Be!,’ and he was.
- Quran 3:60
Even the Bible offers evidence supporting the Islamic position:
God is one.
- Deuteronomy 6:4
Thou shalt have none other gods before me.
- Deuteronomy 5:7
In fact, a great deal of evidence can be found supporting the view the term 'son of God' is only used metaphorically throughout the Bible, as many others are also referred to as children of God while other figures are presented as the father of Jesus, demonstrating how the terms 'father' and 'son' are used through the text to emphasise the close spiritual connection between personalities and therefore are not necessarily to be taken in a literal sense:
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
- Matthew 1:1
The Lord said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go. And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn
- Exodus 4:21-22
Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.
- Luke 3:38
Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you that ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
- Matthew 5:44-45
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community rejects the Christian theory Jesus was successfully crucified and later returned to life. Rather, Ahmadis believe the Biblical account of Jesus' crucifixion - as well as historical and scientific evidence - support the Swoon Theory of Jesus having passed out on the cross and later having regained consciousness.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believes numerous verses of the Quran establish Jesus has passed away, exactly as all other prophets and humans have passed away.
Ahmadis hold the numerous Biblical and Islamic prophecies of Jesus' return to be metaphors referring to a personage who would appear with similar spiritual characteristics to the messiah, seeing Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as the fulfillment of this prophecy.
Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's view of Jesus
The founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community revered and respected Jesus as a great prophet of God. However, Ahmad lived in the British India of the 1800s which had been colonised by a Christian power and was brimming with Christian missionaries, as well as extensive literature and propaganda attacking Islam. In response to these Christian clerics, Ahmad would often respond by criticising the Biblical depiction of Jesus to illustrate the superiority of the Quran. These quotes are sometimes decontextualised by his critics in an attempt to allege he was disrespectful towards Jesus himself. In response, Ahmad reiterated his respect for Jesus and the intent of his defence of Islamic doctrine against Christian attacks:
Hazrat Isa [Jesus] is an exalted prophet of God. Without any doubt, Isa the Messiahas [Jesus] is a beloved of God, a chosen one, light for the world, a sun of guidance, a dear one to God, placed close to His throne. Millions of people who love him truly and follow his exhortations correctly shall be saved from hell.
- Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Noor-al-Haq
Everywhere in my writing I (referring to Christ) have meant the supposititious Jesus of Christians. Isa bin Maryam [Quranic rendering of Jesus] who was a prophet of God and who is mentioned in the holy Quran is certainly never intended in my harsh comments and let it be remembered that if in future any [Christian] padre, shunning the ways of abuse, speaks politely, I, too, shall be polite with him. At present they themselves are responsible for the attacks on their Jesus for under no circumstances they refrain from abuse and vituperation.
- Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Damimah Risalah Government Angrezi Aur Jihad
When we are deeply hurt and unjustified attacks of all kinds are made on our Holy Prophetsa, only then, as a warning, we retaliate in kind on the basis of their (Christians’) own authentic books. They ought to point out in my writings anything which I have written as a retaliatory response and it is not found in the Gospels. After all it is not possible for me, that on hearing the insult of the Holy Prophetsa I remain silent.
- Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Malfoozat