Abu Bakr

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat

Abu Bakr Abdullah Siddeeqra (572-634) was a close companion of the Prophet of Islam, Muhammadsa, and became his first successor as Caliph of the early Muslims.



Early Life


Abu Bakr's father was known as Abu Qahaafah and his mother as Ummul Khair Salma.  He was born and raised in Mecca.  When he came of age, he became a cloth merchant.  He was Muhammad'ssa closest friend and the first adult man to accept his claim.

When the Prophetsa migrated from Mecca to Medina, Abu Bakr accompanied him and later, his daughter Aisha was married to Muhammadsa. Towards the end of the Prophet'ssa life, he appointed Abu Bakr to lead the Muslims in prayer.


Caliph


Following the demise of the Prophetsa, Abu Bakr was elected as the first Caliph in 632, but immediately faced a series of rebellions. Some tribes renounced Islam to pursue their own political ambitions, others refused to pay taxes while others still claimed to be led by their own prophet and rose up in armed rebellion. Meanwhile some rebels were receiving support from external powers - most notably the neighbouring Persians.

Abu Bark took swift action and after successfully defeating the internal disorders, turned to the external enemies threatening the security of the state. First a force was dispatched to defeat the Persians and then Muslims were forced to defend themselves against a Roman attack. Victories followed at Ajnadan and Yarmuk, pushing the Romans from Syria.

However the Romans killed a large number of Muslim soldiers, including many of those who had memorised the entire Quran from Muhammadsa. Abu Bakr sought to safeguard the preservation of the Quran by collecting it into one written volume for the first time.

The Caliph suffered from a short illness in 634, resulting in his death on August 23 of the same year.


See also