From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat
The Farewell Sermon was delivered by the prophet of Islam, Muhammadsa, during the Islamic pilgrimage of Hajj in 632 CE (also known as the Farewell Pilgrimage) - towards the end of his life. The sermon consists of a series of general exhortations for Muslims to follow. Parts of it have variously been recorded in Islamic tradition. A selection from the most authentic traditions are reproduced below:
Allah has given each person who has rights his rights, and there is no bequest for in heir.
- Ibn Majah
...O people! Indeed, your Lord is one and your father is one. Indeed, there is no superiority of an Arab over a non-Arab, nor of a non-Arab over an Arab, nor of a white over a black, nor a black over a white, except by taqwa (righteousness)...Allah has made your blood and your property...as sacred as this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this city of yours. Have I conveyed the message?" They replied, "You have conveyed it, Messenger of Allah!" He said, "Let whomever is present tell whomever is absent...
- ibn Hanbal
The borrowed is to be returned, and the guarantor is responsible, and the debt is to be repaid.
Be mindful of your duty to Allah; perform your five daily prayers, observe fasting during the month (of Ramadan), pay the zakat on your properties and obey your leaders
Verily your blood, your property and your honour are as sacred and inviolable as the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours and in this town of yours. Verily! I have conveyed this message to you.