View of other Muslim Groups

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat

The present Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, has regularly encouraged Ahmadis to pray for Muslims of other sects around the world. He has also condemned war between Muslim countries, groups and sectarian conflicts. 

View of Takfir

Takfir refers to the practice of declaring a person who claims to be following the teachings of Islam a non-Muslim. In the vast majority of literature, speeches and broadcasts produced by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, adherents of other sects are referred to as non-Ahmadi Muslims and when the fourth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was asked his view of the status of other sects he replied:

Of course they are Muslims. All those who declare themselves to be Muslims have a right to be treated as Muslims. Whether you believe them to be true Muslims or not, that is your choice, but you have no right to dispossess them of the fundamental right of declaring themselves Muslims. Whether Shias or Sunnis, our attitude to all of them is that as long as they recite the KalimaLa Ilaha IllAllah Muhammadur Rasulullah, as long as they face the kaba, as long as they believe in the six fundamentals of faith and believe in the five practices of Islam, if a Muslim meets these requirements he has every right to call himself a Muslim. So whenever we refer to non-Ahmadis, we refer to them as non-Ahmadi Muslims. 

- Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Question & Answer Session 14 June 1986

Addressing the question of who has a right to be called a Muslim, Ahmadi scholars often refer to the following passages:

Say not to anyone who greets you with the greeting of peace, ‘Thou art not a believer.’

Quran 4:94

Write down for me the name of everyone who calls himself a Muslim

- Bukhari

Whoever prays as we pray and turns to our qibla and eats what we ritually slaughter is a Muslim

- Abu Dawood

On the creation of Pakistan in 1947 as a state for Indian Muslims, the second Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad, migrated from India to Pakistan. Although the majority of Pakistanis were non-Ahmadi Muslims, the second Caliph encouraged Indian Ahmadis to migrate to Pakistan, demonstrating he considered them Muslims. Had he considered them non-Muslims it would have made no difference whether he stayed with the non-Muslims of India or the non-Muslims of Pakistan. 

Extremists do not represent other Muslims

The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believes the actions of extremists do not represent peace-loving Muslims:

I say again that any Ahmadi Muslim or indeed any peace-loving Muslim feels great pain that their pure religion is being tarnished and exploited in this unjust way. However, I would also hereby like to question those people, organisations or politicians who claim that Islam is a religion of violence on the basis of the atrocities of the extremist groups.

- Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, The Review of Religions January 2015

Praying for Muslims around the world

Ahmadis are regularly encouraged to pray for all the Muslims around the world, particularly those that are suffering. Of sectarian wars between Muslim groups and countries the present Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has said:

We can only pray that Allah the Almighty protects the persecuted and the innocent from this cruelty and that peace can be established. Furthermore, may Allah the Almighty grant sense and wisdom to those Muslim countries that are fighting against one other and increasing in disorder.  May Allah enable unity to be born amongst them.

- Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Friday Sermon 25 July 2014

Promoting Unity between Muslims

The caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has regularly condemned the disunity among Muslims around the world today and called for greater inter-sect peace and harmony:

With great regret it must be said that today it is the ill fortune of many Muslim countries that they are no longer united. Members of the public are fighting amongst themselves; citizens are also fighting with governments, whilst governments are inflicting cruelty upon their public. Therefore, not only has unity been lost, but great cruelties and injustices are being perpetrated. 

Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Friday Sermon 25 July 2014

The Caliph has also called for greater cooperation between Muslim sects and organisations in areas of mutual interest. For instance, he has suggested the formation of an international body of Muslim lawyers to petition on issues such as insulting cartoons published of Muhammadsa in the western media:

One suggestion was presented (often people present various suggestions) that all of the Muslim lawyers of the world should join together and form a petition. If only Muslim lawyers with international standing deliberated upon the feasibility of this, or would come up with another option.

- Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Friday Sermon 21 September 2012

See also