Shiaism

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat

The Shia, represent a large branch of Islam made up of numerous subdivisions and sects. Adherents of Shia Islam are called Shias [alternatively spelt Shiites]. Twelver Shia is the largest sect of Shia Islam, while other notable groups include Ismailis and Zaidis. Unlike Ahmadis and Sunnis, Shias believe Ali was the rightful first Caliph after the death of Muhammadsa.



Ahmadiyya view on Shiaism


Ahmadiyya View of Shia saints & scholars

Many leaders revered by Shia Muslims such as Ali, Hassan, Hussain etc. are also highly esteemed by Ahmadi Muslims. The founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community wrote:

Hazrat Hussainra was pure himself and also had the capacity to purify others, and, no doubt, he was amongst Chosen Ones whom Allah purifies Himself and fills with His love. He was no doubt among the leaders of the inmates of Paradise

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Tabligh-e-Risalat

View of Shia doctrines

Shias believe the rightful leadership of the Muslims belongs solely to the family of Muhammadsa, in particular his son-in-law Ali and grandchildren Hassan and Hussain. Commenting on this, the fourth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community said:

The greatest tribute we pray to the Holy Prophetsa is that he spread his benefits from the Arabs to the rest of the world. Previously the prophets were tribal, their benefits flowed from themselves to their own people. They were not for the whole world...The Quran refers to him as a Mercy for Mankind, so that means the trend in Islam is for broadening the favours which may flow from prophethood to the rest of the world. Any philosophy based on narrowing that process is unacceptable to me. As I understand the Shia philosophy, they say that his favours were not even for the entire Arabs, but his favours were only for his own personal family and he came to create spiritual leadership through his own progeny. The result would be that the leadership from then on would remain confined to his own personal progeny. 

Secondly, the holy Quran repeatedly says Allah does not care about your blood relations: "We have made you into tribes and sub-tribes that you may recognise one another. Verily, the most honourable among you, in the sight of Allah, is he who is the most righteous among you." (Quran 49:14) Any barrier created to this principle is in my mind unQuranic and unIslamic.

Again the Quran quotes the example of Hazrat Noah's son. Why should Allah bring to disrepute one of His prophets, of a status as Hazrat Noah was - a very special prophet he was and all over the world he's highly respected - by saying in the end he went on debating and arguing with Allah the case of his son, but Allah continues to reject and ultimately uses very harsh language against [the son], because he's not a righteous person. 

Regardless of what the traditions say, if Hazrat Ali was the imam and the Caliph after the Holy Prophetsa, then he should have had the courage to demand that caliphate. Not only should he have refused to offer the pledge of allegiance to Hazrat Abu Bakr, but he should have started his own pledge and no Shia authority can produce even the weakest evidence that he invited the Muslims to offer the pledge at his hands. He did not do it. Secondly, after the death of Hazrat Abu Bakr, still he did not announce it and then after the death of Hazrat Umar he still did not announce. 

He was not only one of the bravest but perhaps, after the Holy Prophetsa, in the battlefield he was the bravest. The dangers which he faced during battles outshine all others and he was the bravest man, he became a legend in bravery. What prevented him from declaring to the people that because he was the Caliph and they should come and get initiated at his hands? One who dies a death outside of the pledge to the rightful imam, according to the tradition of the Holy Prophetsa dies a death of ignorance. So many companions of the Holy Prophetsa must have died during that period between the passing away of the Holy Prophetsa and the initiation at the hands of Hazrat Ali. On whose shoulder is their blood? 

Why do you say Hazrat Imam Hussain was so highly venerable and so highly respectable? According to the Shia saying, he chose to give up his head rather than his hand. The contrary is said about Hazrat Alira and we are supposed to believe that Hazrat Ali was inferior in this regard to his own progeny and he decided under the threat of duress to give his hand rather than his head. 

Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Question & Answer Session 14 June 1986


 See also