Urdu

From WikiAhmadiyya, the free encyclopedia on Islam and Ahmadiyyat

Urdu

Official status

Official language in:

Pakistan
India

  Areas  of the Indian subcontinent where Urdu is official or co-official with local language
  Areas of the Indian subcontinent where only a regional language is official


Urdu is a language historically associated with the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent. It is the national language of Pakistan, and an official language of six Indian states. Apart from specialized vocabulary, Urdu is mutually intelligible with Hindi, which is associated with the Hindu community. Hindi-Urdu is the fourth most commonly spoken language in the world, after Mandarin, English, and Spanish. Because of the difficulty in distinguishing between Urdu and Hindi speakers in India and Pakistan, as well as estimating the number of people for whom Urdu is a second language, the estimated number of speakers is uncertain and controversial.

Urdu is an important language in the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, because it's founder, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, and the caliphs who have succeeded him have written numerous books and delivered numerous speeches in Urdu. 

Writing system


The Urdu alphabet and numerals

Phrases


English

Urdu

Transliteration

Hello/Peace be upon you.

السلامُ علیکم۔

Assalam-u-Alaikum.

Peace be upon you, too.

وَعلیکُم السلام۔

Wa-Alaikumussalam.

Goodbye.

خُدا حافِظ، اللّٰہ حافِظ۔

Khuda Hafiz, Allah Hafiz.

Yes (informal)

ہاں۔

haa

Yes (formal)

جی۔

jee

No.

نَہیں

nahee

Please

آپ کی) مَہَربانی۔)

(ap kee) meherbanee

Thank you.

شُکرِیَہ۔

shukriya

Please, come in.

تَشریف لائیے۔

tashrif laiye

Please, have a seat.

تَشریف رکهِئے۔

tashrif rakhiay

I am happy to meet you.

آپ سے مِل کر خوشی ہوئی۔

Aap say mil kar khushi hoo-ee

Do you speak English?

کیا آپ انگریزی بولتے/بولتی ہیں؟

Kya aap engraizi bolte/bolti hain?

I do not speak Urdu.

میں اردو نہیں بولتا/بولتی۔

Main

My name is __ .

میرا نام ۔۔۔ ہے۔

Mayra naam __ hai.

Which way to Karachi?

کراچی کس طرف/ اور ہے؟

Karachi kis taraf hai

Where is Lucknow?

لکھنؤ کہاں ہے؟

Lucknow kahan hai?

Urdu is a good language.

اردو اچّهی زبان ہے۔

Urdu achi zaban hai